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xx + 355 pp pp.

£42.50 / $65 / €48.25
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£85 / $130 / €97.50
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Hardback






Epigraphy, Iconography, and the Bible
Edited by Meir Lubetski, Edith Lubetski

The study of the Bible has long been illuminated by ‘light from the East’ (in the famous phrase of Adolf Deissmann in 1908). Almost daily, new artifacts and inscriptions are announced that will have an impact on how the Bible is read and understood.

Following Meir Lubetski’s SPP collection New Seals and Inscriptions, Hebrew, Idumean and Cuneiform in 2007 and his Festschrift, Visions of Life in Biblical Times in 2015, the present volume garners papers from a wide and distinguished panel of specialists in the Ancient Near East that revisit former assumptions and present new insights on the relevance of its material culture to the Bible.

Among the papers, Alan Millard reviews the issue of the use of the early alphabets, André Lemaire revisits the Mesha stele (the Moabite Stone), and Pieter Gert van der Veen takes a fresh look at the seal of Shema with its famous lion (still adorning the cover of the Journal for the Study of the Old Testament). Bezalel Porten contributes a fascinating study, illustrated by twenty colour diagrams, of documents on papyrus or ostraca requesting provisions from storerooms—an insight into the practicalities of daily administrative life in Egypt, Idumea and Israel.

There are papers also on the arks of the Hebrew Bible (Yigal Levin), on alleged identifications of Hebrew kings in inscriptions (Lawrence Mykytiuk), on literary images in the Tell Fekheriye inscription and the book of Lamentations (Gideon Kotzé) and on Judaean pillar figurines of women that are ubiquitous in archaeological excavations from Iron Age Judah.

Epigraphy, Iconography, and the Bible, in sum, is something of a cornucopia of new and revised data about the Hebrew Bible in its ancient context, intelligible to scholars, students and a more general public alike.


Meir Lubetski is Professor of Modern Languages and Comparative Literature, Baruch College, City University of New York.
Edith Lubetski is Head Librarian of the Hedi Steinberg Library, Yeshiva University, New York.

Series: Hebrew Bible Monographs, 98
9781914490026 hardback
Publication January 2022

Contents
Part I
SCRIPT AND LANGUAGE
THE USES OF THE EARLY ALPHABETS: A REPRISE
Alan Millard
THE MESHA STELE:
REVISITED TEXT AND INTERPRETATION
André Lemaire
PART II
BIBLE INTERPRETATION
ONE ARK, TWO ARKS, THREE ARKS, MORE?
THE MANY ARKS OF EARLY ISRAEL
Yigal Levin
GIDEON’S TWO-PART TESTS AS SIGNS OF ASSURANCE (JUDGES 6.36-40)
David Marcus
PART III
IMPACT OF INSCRIPTIONS
AN ADDITIONAL FISCAL BULLA FROM THE CITY OF DAVID
Gabriel Barkay and Robert Deutsch
COMPARABLE LITERARY IMAGES IN THE TELL FEKHERIYE INSCRIPTION
AND LAMENTATIONS 4
Gideon R. Kotzé

DON’T PAVE THE WAY FOR CIRCULAR REASONING!
A BETTER WAY TO IDENTIFY THE TWO DECEASED HEBREW KINGS
IN THE TEL DAN STELE
Lawrence J. Mykytiuk
Part IV
FEMININE ICONOGRAPHY
INTERPRETING ICONOGRAPHY: A POLYSEMIC AND MULTIVALENT APPROACH
TO UNDERSTANDING JUDEAN PILLAR FIGURINES
Shawna Dolansky
Part V
EGYPTIAN INSPIRATION
ICONOGRAPHY ON HEBREW SEALS AND BULLAE IDENTIFYING
BIBLICAL PERSONS AND THE APPARENT PARADOX
OF EGYPTIAN SOLAR SYMBOLS
Benjamin Stanhope
DATING THE SHEMA SEAL AND ITS FIND-CONTEXT AT MEGIDDO:
A FRESH LOOK AT THE EVIDENCE
Pieter Gert van der Veen
WHO IS INSCRIBED ON OSTRACON #52 OF ARAD?
Meir Lubetski
Part VI
THE CANON AND LATER TRANSLATIONS
POST-EXILIC HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE FORMATION
OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE
Torleif Elgvin
CHRISTIAN ADAPTATIONS OF SAADIAH’S TAFSĪR
IN EGYPT IN THE MIDDLE AGES
Ibrahim Bassal
Part VII
ARAMAIC DOCUMENTS
THIRTY-FOUR PAYMENT ORDERS FROM THE DOSSIER OF YADDU
Bezalel Porten